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Patient Education Program


Patient Awareness in Chronic Disease

Benovymed healthcare is here for bringing a change, changing this fundamentally with ethical medical practice, value-based care and highest Quality health delivery, accessible, affordable, highest efficacy, highest trustworthy, with highest improved treatment outcomes for every treatment and with highest Patient safety in India and Globally.


We are a game-changer in transforming the healthcare, we will bring necessary changes with our AI HealthTech Novel Solutions to transform the current practice of Chronic disease to benefits to several millions of existing registered Patients and billions of fast-growing unregistered patients globally, huge benefits to Hospitals and all Healthcare stakeholders globally.


We are working in a scalable Business Model of B2B & B2B2C starting from basic version with most robust solutions to a most advanced version in Cancer, Diabetes, COPD, Heart & Mental Health with fully loaded version to benefit to several Millions of existing Patients and billions of untapped patients & all healthcare stakeholders in Chronic disease in India and Globally.


More than three Billion ( 3 Billion ) world's Population or Half of the world total population is affected by some of the most deadly chronic diseases and is the fastest growing diseases globally.

Cancer Disease


Key facts

  • Cancer is the second leading cause of death globally and is responsible for an estimated 9.6 million deaths in 2018. Globally, about 1 in 6 deaths is due to cancer.

  • Approximately 70% of deaths from cancer occur in low- and middle-income countries.

  • Around one-third of deaths from cancer are due to the 5 leading behavioural and dietary risks: high body mass index, low fruit and vegetable intake, lack of physical activity, tobacco use, and alcohol use.

  • Tobacco use is the most important risk factor for cancer and is responsible for approximately 22% of cancer deaths (2).

  • Cancer-causing infections, such as hepatitis and human papillomavirus (HPV), are responsible for up to 25% of cancer cases in low- and middle-income countries (3).

  • Late-stage presentation and inaccessible diagnosis and treatment are common. In 2017, only 26% of low-income countries reported having pathology services generally available in the public sector. More than 90% of high-income countries reported treatment services are available compared to less than 30% of low-income countries.

  • The economic impact of cancer is significant and is increasing. The total annual economic cost of cancer in 2010 was estimated at approximately US$ 1.16 trillion (4).

  • Only 1 in 5 low- and middle-income countries have the necessary data to drive cancer policy (5).

Cancer is a generic term for a large group of diseases that can affect any part of the body. Other terms used are malignant tumours and neoplasms. One defining feature of cancer is the rapid creation of abnormal cells that grow beyond their usual boundaries, and which can then invade adjoining parts of the body and spread to other organs, the latter process is referred to as metastasizing. Metastases are a major cause of death from cancer.


The problem


Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide, accounting for an estimated 9.6 million deaths in 2018. The most common cancers are:


  • Lung (2.09 million cases)

  • Breast (2.09 million cases)

  • Colorectal (1.80 million cases)

  • Prostate (1.28 million cases)

  • Skin cancer (non-melanoma) (1.04 million cases)

  • Stomach (1.03 million cases)

The most common causes of cancer death are cancers of:

  • Lung (1.76 million deaths)

  • Colorectal (862 000 deaths)

  • Stomach (783 000 deaths)

  • Liver (782 000 deaths)

  • Breast (627 000 deaths)


What causes cancer?

Cancer arises from the transformation of normal cells into tumour cells in a multistage process that generally progresses from a pre-cancerous lesion to a malignant tumour. These changes are the result of the interaction between a person's genetic factors and 3 categories of external agents, including:

  • physical carcinogens, such as ultraviolet and ionizing radiation;

  • chemical carcinogens, such as asbestos, components of tobacco smoke, aflatoxin (a food contaminant), and arsenic (a drinking water contaminant); and

  • biological carcinogens, such as infections from certain viruses, bacteria, or parasites.

WHO, through its cancer research agency, International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), maintains a classification of cancer-causing agents.

Ageing is another fundamental factor for the development of cancer. The incidence of cancer rises dramatically with age, most likely due to a build-up of risks for specific cancers that increase with age. The overall risk accumulation is combined with the tendency for cellular repair mechanisms to be less effective as a person grows older.

Risk factors for cancers

Tobacco use, alcohol use, unhealthy diet, and physical inactivity are major cancer risk factors worldwide and are also the 4 shared risk factors for other noncommunicable diseases.

Some chronic infections are risk factors for cancer and have major relevance in low- and middle-income countries. Approximately 15% of cancers diagnosed in 2012 were attributed to carcinogenic infections, including Helicobacter pylori, Human papillomavirus (HPV), Hepatitis B virus, Hepatitis C virus, and Epstein-Barr virus3.

Hepatitis B and C virus and some types of HPV increase the risk for liver and cervical cancer, respectively. Infection with HIV substantially increases the risk of cancers such as cervical cancer.


Reducing the cancer burden

Between 30–50% of cancers can currently be prevented by avoiding risk factors and implementing existing evidence-based prevention strategies. The cancer burden can also be reduced through early detection of cancer and management of patients who develop cancer. Many cancers have a high chance of cure if diagnosed early and treated adequately.

Modify and avoid risk factors

Modifying or avoiding key risk factors can significantly reduce the burden of cancer. These risk factors include:

  • tobacco use including cigarettes and smokeless tobacco

  • being overweight or obese

  • an unhealthy diet with low fruit and vegetable intake

  • lack of physical activity

  • alcohol use

  • sexually transmitted HPV-infection

  • infection by hepatitis or other carcinogenic infections

  • ionizing and ultraviolet radiation

  • urban air pollution

  • indoor smoke from household use of solid fuels.

Tobacco use is the single most important risk factor for cancer and is responsible for approximately 22% of cancer-related deaths globally.

Pursue prevention strategies

To prevent cancer, people may:

  • increase avoidance of the risk factors listed above;

  • vaccinate against HPV and hepatitis B virus;

  • control occupational hazards;

  • reduce exposure to ultraviolet radiation;

  • reduce exposure to ionizing radiation (occupational or medical diagnostic imaging).

Vaccination against these HPV and hepatitis B viruses could prevent 1 million cancer cases each year.

Early detection

Cancer mortality can be reduced if cases are detected and treated early. There are 2 components of early detection.

Early diagnosis

When identified early, cancer is more likely to respond to effective treatment and can result in a greater probability of surviving, less morbidity, and less expensive treatment. Significant improvements can be made in the lives of cancer patients by detecting cancer early and avoiding delays in care.

Early diagnosis consists of 3 steps that must be integrated and provided in a timely manner:

  • awareness and accessing care

  • clinical evaluation, diagnosis and staging

  • access to treatment.

Early diagnosis is relevant in all settings and the majority of cancers. In the absence of an early diagnosis, patients are diagnosed at late stages when curative treatment may no longer be an option. Programmes can be designed to reduce delays in, and barriers to, care, allowing patients to access treatment in a timely manner.


Screening aims to identify individuals with abnormalities suggestive of specific cancer or pre-cancer who have not developed any symptoms and refer them promptly for diagnosis and treatment.

Screening programmes can be effective for select cancer types when appropriate tests are used, implemented effectively, linked to other steps in the screening process and when quality is assured. In general, a screening programme is a far more complex public health intervention compared to early diagnosis.

Examples of screening methods are:

  • visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) for cervical cancer in low-income settings;

  • HPV testing for cervical cancer;

  • PAP cytology test for cervical cancer in middle- and high-income settings; and

  • mammography screening for breast cancer in settings with strong or relatively strong health systems.


A correct cancer diagnosis is essential for adequate and effective treatment because every cancer type requires a specific treatment regimen that encompasses one or more modalities such as surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy. Determining the goals of treatment and palliative care is an important first step, and health services should be integrated and people-centred. The primary goal is generally to cure cancer or to considerably prolong life. Improving the patient's quality of life is also an important goal. This can be achieved by supportive or palliative care and psychosocial support.

Potential for cure among early detectable cancers

Some of the most common cancer types, such as breast cancer, cervical cancer, oral cancer, and colorectal cancer have high cure rates when detected early and treated according to best practices.

Potential for the cure of some other cancers

Some cancer types, even when cancerous cells have travelled to other areas of the body, such as testicular seminoma and leukaemias and lymphomas in children, can have high cure rates if appropriate treatment is provided.

Palliative care

Palliative care is a treatment to relieve, rather than cure, symptoms caused by cancer and improve the quality of life of patients and their families. Palliative care can help people live more comfortably. It is an urgent humanitarian need for people worldwide with cancer and other chronic fatal diseases and particularly needed in places with a high proportion of patients in advanced stages of cancer where there is little chance of cure.

Relief from physical, psychosocial, and spiritual problems can be achieved in over 90% of advanced cancer patients through palliative care.

Palliative care strategies

Effective public health strategies, comprising of community- and home-based care are essential to provide pain relief and palliative care for patients and their families in low-resource settings.

Improved access to oral morphine is mandatory for the treatment of moderate to severe cancer pain, suffered by over 80% of cancer patients in the terminal phase.


Patient Education Program in Chronic Diseases

(Through images and Videos)

Cancer | Diabetes | Heart | COPD | Mental Health

Benovymed Patient education_COPD Images.
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Cancer, How Cancer Starts, How Cancer Spreads, Where and Why, Animation.

Cancer, How Cancer Starts, How Cancer Spreads, Where and Why, Animation.

This video is available for instant download licensing here : ©Alila Medical Media. All rights reserved. Support us on Patreon and get FREE downloads and other great rewards: All images/videos by Alila Medical Media are for information purposes ONLY and are NOT intended to replace professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of a qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Perfect for patient education. The number of cells in a tissue is determined by the balance between cell division and cell death. Uncontrollable cell division leads to formation of abnormal growths called tumors. Tumors can be benign or malignant. Benign tumors are slow-growing and constrained by surrounding connective tissue so they do not spread to other organs. They can still be harmful or even kill by pressing on nearby nerves, brain tissue or blood vessels. Examples of benign tumor include pituitary tumors which may press on optic nerves and cause loss of vision. Cancers are malignant tumors - tumors that can spread beyond of the limit of original organ where it comes from and to other organs of the body. How cancer starts Cancer starts from damage in the DNA of a cell. This DNA damage is called mutation. Mutations happen when the cell duplicates its DNA prior to cell division and makes mistakes. These damages are usually detected and repaired before the cell can divide but sometimes, some of them may be ignored and transferred to daughter cells. If the mutation is located in one of many genes that control the cell cycle, it may affect the regulation of cell cycle in the cell carrying it, and make the cell divide faster than it supposed to. Usually, one mutation is not enough to cause cancer, but as it makes the cell cycle control less reliable, many more DNA damages/mutations would go unnoticed. Cancer is usually the result of accumulation of many mutations of genes involved in cell cycle control and DNA repair. This commonly happens over a long period of time, over many rounds of cell divisions, and this explains why cancers are more common in older people. Some people are said to be predisposed to cancer. This is because they are born with a mutation that makes them more likely to develop a certain type of cancer. This mutation alone is not enough to cause cancer but it starts the process of making cells cancerous. The person carrying it is one step further down the road towards developing a cancer than others who do not have the mutation. How cancer spreads Cancer cells do not stick together like normal cells, they move and invade nearby tissues, organs, this is local spread. They may also spread to further away organs by means of blood and lymph circulation, this is systemic spread. Metastasis is the spreading of cancers to non-adjacent organs. Cancer cells from the original tumor, or primary cancer, can break out and maybe taken up by a blood or a lymph vessel for a ride throughout the body. They can then squeeze out from the vessels into other tissues and start a new tumor growth in the new location which will become secondary cancer. Where do cancers usually spread and why? While travelling in the bloodstream, cancer cell usually stops at the first place where the vessel getting so narrow that it gets stuck. As blood flow from most organs goes to the capillaries of the lungs, this is where cancers spread the most. Lungs are indeed the most common site of secondary cancers. Likewise, while travelling in the lymphatic system, cancer cells commonly get stuck in nearest lymph nodes, where the vessels get narrower. This is the reason why surgeons usually remove nearby lymph nodes when removing tumors.
COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease), Chronic Bronchitis, Emphysema-NCLEX Part 1

COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease), Chronic Bronchitis, Emphysema-NCLEX Part 1

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) nursing NCLEX lecture on the pathophysiology, signs and symptoms, types (chronic bronchitis and emphysema), complications, and how it is diagnosed. COPD is a pulmonary disease that causes chronic obstruction of airflow from the lungs. The cause of the limited airflow is due to chronic inflammation and narrowing of the bronchioles which becomes deformed over time and produces excessive mucous (mainly in chronic bronchitis) and the loss of elasticity of the alevoli sacs (mainly found in emphysema). These problems lead to limited gas exchange such as respiratory acidosis due to extreme retention of carbon dioxide (CO2) and low availability of oxygen. COPD is a "catch all" term used to describe diseases that limit airflow which now includes diseases such as chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Patients with chronic bronchitis are sometimes referred to as "blue bloaters". This is because of the cyanosis and edema (hence the bloating) experienced with this disease. Patients with emphysema are sometimes referred to as "pink puffers". These patients do not experience cyanosis, although they have low oxygen levels but maintain a "pink" appearance due to the compensatory state of hyperventilation keeping the oxygen level sufficient enough. The hyperventilation leads to the increased usage of the accessory muscles which leads to a barrel chest look (increased anteroposterior diameter noted on inspection). Signs and symptoms of COPD include: chronic dry or productive cough, lack of energy, extreme dyspnea, abnormal blood gases, abnormal lung sounds (coarse crackles or wheezing), barrel chest, tripod position for breathing, poor nutrition, recurrent lung infection etc. Complications of COPD include: heart disease such as right-sided heart failure, pulmonary hypertension, pneumothorax, pneumonia, increase risk of lung cancer. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is diagnosed with spirometry. Don't forget to watch Part 2 which includes the nursing interventions and medication regime for COPD. 🟣ABG eBook: 🟣ABG physical book: (affiliate link) Quiz on COPD: Part 2: Notes: Nursing Gear: Subscribe: Nursing School Supplies: ultimate-list-of-nursing-medical-supplies-and-items-a-new-nurse-student-nurse-needs-to-buy/ Nursing Job Search: Visit our website for free quizzes, nursing care plans, salary information, job search, and much more: Check out other Videos: Popular Playlists: NCLEX Reviews: Fluid & Electrolytes: Nursing Skills: Nursing School Study Tips: Nursing School Tips & Questions" Teaching Tutorials: Types of Nursing Specialties: Healthcare Salary Information: New Nurse Tips: Nursing Career Help: EKG Teaching Tutorials: Personality Types: Dosage & Calculations for Nurses: Diabetes Health Managment:
COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) Nursing Interventions Management Treatment NCLEX Part 2

COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) Nursing Interventions Management Treatment NCLEX Part 2

COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) nursing management with interventions and treatment with medications. This NCLEX lecture on COPD with help you learn about the management of COPD. Nursing interventions for COPD include: monitoring lung sounds and sputum production, suctioning as needed, monitoring oxygen saturation, maintaining SpO2 88-93% (remember patients with COPD are stimulated to breath due to LOW oxygen levels rather than high carbon dioxide levels), administering breathing treatments as ordered, educating about pursed-lips and diaphragmatic breathing, nutrition needs, vaccinations up-to-date, how to take medications, and side effects of medications. Medications for treatment of COPD depends on the severity of the condition. However, they tend to include as ordered by the physician: Corticosteroids, Phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitors, Methylxanthines, Short-acting and long-acting bronchodilators. Don't forget to watch part 1 to learn the pathoyphysiology, types of COPD (chronic bronchitis and emphysema), signs and symptoms of COPD, and how it is diagnosed. Quiz on COPD: Part 1: Notes: Subscribe: Nursing School Supplies: Nursing Job Search: Visit our website for free quizzes, nursing care plans, salary information, job search, and much more: Check out other Videos: Popular Playlists: NCLEX Reviews: Fluid & Electrolytes: Nursing Skills: Nursing School Study Tips: Nursing School Tips & Questions" Teaching Tutorials: Types of Nursing Specialties: Healthcare Salary Information: New Nurse Tips: Nursing Career Help: EKG Teaching Tutorials: Personality Types: Dosage & Calculations for Nurses: Diabetes Health Managment:
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